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West Bengal Pollution Control Board

Manner of execution of subsidy programmes, including the amounts allocated and the details of beneficieries of such programmes

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(Administration has been requested to provide relevant/current/modified information to incorporate the same on 29.10.2014 and on 04.05.2015)

a) ICEF PROJECT on "Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimisation for Small-Scale Industrial Units in Kolkata Metropolis Area"

In order to contain emission from the small-scale industries located within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA), the West Bengal Pollution Control Board directed these industries to convert their coal fired boilers and ceramic kilns to oil or gas fired ones within a time frame. Besides issuing statutory direction, the Board also arranged financial assistance for such change over through an ICEF Project. The project commenced from May 2001. The Board initiated the inventorisation of target groups in early 2001. Recently, the Hon'ble Supreme Court directed the State Government to submit an action plan for improving air quality of Kolkata.

Launched in 2002, the total project cost is Rs. 16.49 crores, the ICEF contribution being Rs. 4.80 crores and the West Bengal Pollution Control Board contributes an amount of Rs. 4.18 crores. Under this project, the industries converting the coal fired boilers and ceramic kilns to oil or gas fired ones would be reimbursed fifty per cent (50 per cent) cost of such conversion from the ICEF project. The cost sharing in the ICEF project is twenty five per cent (25 per cent) from the ICEF fund and twenty five per cent (25 per cent) from the WBPCB fund. The rest would be borne by the industry.

 

b) 'Environmental Improvement Project in the East-West side of Beliaghata Canal'

In order to improve the environment in and around Beliaghata Canal, the State Department of Environment and the West Bengal Pollution Control Board in association with the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) have undertaken the 'Environmental Improvement Project in the East-West side of Beliaghata Canal'. The environmental project involves fencing and plantation along the stretches in the east and west bank of the Beliaghata canal. It includes plantation of fruit-bearing trees that would attract a large number of birds and arrest dust and smoke. To be funded by the State Department of Environment and the WBPCB, this Rs-73-lakh project would be implemented by the KMC within a span of three months.

 

c) Environmental Development Project in and around waterbodies in the premises at 49, Narkeldanga North Road, Kolkata - 7000 011, KMC Ward No. 29, P.S. Narkeldanga

In order to improve the environment in and around a housing complex with waterbodies located at Narkeldanga (precisely, 49, Narkeldanga North Road, Kolkata - 7000 011, KMC Ward No. 29, P.S. Narkeldanga), the West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) has sanctioned Rs.30 lakhs for implementation of the project. Out of this amount, Rs.23 lakhs have already been released.

 

d) Financial Assistance Programme for plastic waste reprocessing units

About 400 plastic recycling units are operating in and around Kolkata. These small-scale manufacturing units pose severe emission problems. Plastic waste, as we know, endangers both public health and the worker's right to a clean environment. Toxic gases like sulphur dioxide (S02), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), acid vapours and formaldehyde (HCHO) from the plastic reprocessing units result in serious health impacts for the workers, especially the women and children. Most of these units belong to the unorganised sector, with no valid certificates of 'Consent to Operate' from the State Pollution Control Board. However, the Board is in a dilemma to impose stringent regulatory actions like closure against such units, as it would lead to mass unemployment and subsequent socio-economic crisis. These small units are not in a position to install such device without any financial assistance. Framing a code of environmental discipline for the units of this sector was deemed necessary.

Given the success of pollution prevention programme in the ceramic and small coal fired boiler-operating units under the India-Canada Environment Facility (ICEF) Project, the WBPCB intends to provide financial assistance to the plastic reprocessing sector through similar partial reimbursement programme. Recently, Jadavpur University has developed a model pollution control device for installation in the extruder machines of these waste plastic re-processing units, under a project sponsored by the Central Pollution Control Board. This particular pollution control device has been adopted for the project. The Board has already announced about this programme through paper notifications stating that 50 per cent of the cost of installation would be reimbursed towards installation of pollution control device in plastic recycling units in and around the Kolkata metropolis area. However, as a pre-condition it has been declared that these industries should obtain 'Consent to Operate' and install adequate emission control device, failing which the Board would initiate proper regulatory action against the defaulting units.

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