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wbpcb

West Bengal Pollution Control Board

Particulars of organisation, functions and duties

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Particulars of the organisation

(Administration has been requested to provide relevant/current/modified information to incorporate the same on 29.10.2014 and on 04.05.2015)

The West Bengal Pollution Control Board is the statutory agency for ensuring proper implementation of several statues, judicial and legislative pronouncements to improve and protect the state of environment of West Bengal. Although the Board was initially set up to implement the provisions of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, it was subsequently given the responsibility of implementing a series of other environmental Acts and Rules, as indicated below:
  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, as amended and Rules made thereunder;
  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977, as amended and Rules made thereunder;
  • The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Rules made thereunder:
    • The Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989, as amended
    • The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989
    • The Bio-medical Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998, as amended
    • The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999, as amended
    • The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000
    • The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000
    • The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001
    • The Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2001
  • The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991, as amended and Rules made thereunder.
The major mandates of the WBPCB include:
  • To plan comprehensive programme for prevention and control of environmental pollution;
  • To advise and suggest the State Government in formulating environmental improvement programmes;
  • To lay down, modify or annul standards for liquid effluents or gaseous emissions from different sources;
  • To ensure functioning of proper treatment system for treatment of liquid, gaseous or solid wastes generated from point sources;
  • To provide leadership and guidance for protecting and preserving the environment;
  • To encourage and conduct research activities on environmental issues;
  • To educate, train and aware the people at large on environmental problems and remedies; and,
  • To collect and disseminate information on environmental issues.

 

Functions of the WBPCB

The statutory and other functions of the WBPCB encompass:
  1. To plan a comprehensive programme for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution of streams and wells in the State and to secure the execution thereof;
  2. to advise the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of water pollution;
  3. to collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and the prevention, control or abatement thereof;
  4. to encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of water pollution and prevention, control or abatement of water pollution;
  5. to collaborate with the Central Board in organising the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes relating to prevention, control or abatement of water pollution and to organise mass education programmes relating thereto;
  6. to inspect sewage or trade effluents, works and plants for the treatment or sewage and trade effluents and to review plans, specifications or other data relating to plants set up for the treatment of water, works for the purification thereof and the system for the disposal of sewage or trade effluents or in connection with the grant of any consent as required by this Act;
  7. to lay down, modify or annul effluent standards for the sewage and trade effluents and for the quality of receiving waters (not being water in an inter-State stream) resulting from the discharge of effluents and to classify waters of the State;
  8. to evolve economical and reliable methods of treatment of sewage and trade effluents, having regard to the peculiar conditions of soils, climate and water resources of different regions and more specially the prevailing flow characteristics of water in streams and wells which render it impossible to attain even the minimum degree of dilution;
  9. to evolve methods of utilisation of sewage and suitable trade effluents in agriculture;
  10. to evolve efficient methods of disposal of sewage and trade effluents on land, as are necessary on account of the predominant conditions of scant stream flows that do not provide for major part of the year the minimum degree of dilution;
  11. to lay down standards of treatment of sewage and trade effluents to be discharged into any particular stream taking into account the minimum fair weather dilution available in that stream and the tolerance limits of pollution permissible in the water of the stream, after the discharge of such effluents;
  12. to make, vary or revoke any order
  13. for the prevention, control or abatement of discharge of waste into streams or wells;
  14. requiring any person concerned to construct new systems for the disposal of sewage and trade effluents or to modify, alter or extend any such existing system or to adopt such remedial measures as are necessary to prevent control or abate water pollution;
  15. to lay down effluent standards to be complied with by persons while causing discharge of sewage or sullage or both and to lay down, modify or annul effluent standards for the sewage and trade effluents;
  16. to advice the State Government with respect to the location of any industry the carrying on of which is likely to pollute a stream or well;
  17. to perform such other functions as may be prescribed or as may, from time to time be entrusted to it by the Central Board or the State Government.
The Board may establish or recognise a laboratory or laboratories to enable the Board to perform its functions efficiently, including the analysis of samples of water from any stream or well or of samples of any sewage or trade effluents.

 

Execution of duties by the WBPCB

The Board has adopted several innovative approaches to achieve quick and effective results for protecting and preserving the environment of the State, which include:
  • Issuance of various environmental permits, viz:
    • Consent to Establish
    • Consent to Operate
    • Authorisation for hazardous waste management
    • Authorisation for Bio-medical waste management
    • Permission for import and storage of hazardous chemicals
  • Ensuring control of pollution through such instruments,
  • Generation and dissemination of data related to environmental quality through regular monitoring and surveillance,
  • Conducting research & development activities on environmental matters,
  • Encouraging & promoting environmental research by academicians and institutions,
  • Imparting training on environment,
  • Building environmental awareness for the community,
  • Addressing public grievances through redressal of environmental problems.
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