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West Bengal Pollution Control Board

Environmental Clearence



Environmental Clearance Process (after 14th September, 2006)

The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), Government of India, notified the new Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) legislation SO 1533 dated 14th September 2006 (http://envfor.nic.in/legis/legis.html). In the new EIA notification, the process of screening and scoping has been made mandatory.

The Schedule in the new EIA Notification provides the List of Projects or Activities requiring prior Environmental Clearance.
As per the provisions laid under EIA-2006 notification, prior Environmental Clearance (EC) is required for the following projects.

 *     All new projects/activities listed in Schedule

 *    Expansion and/or modernization of existing projects/activities

 *     Change in product mix if the pollution load is increasing.

All the projects listed in the notification are categorized into two broad categories, based on the extent of potential impacts and sensitivity of the candidate sites -

  • Category A and
  • Category B

Category A - Appraisal will be done by the Central Level Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) and Clearance will be given by MoEF, GoI. EIA is mandatory.

Category B - Appraisal will be done by the State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) and Clearance will be given by State Environmental Impact Assessment Agency (SEIAA), except in case of special conditions and general conditions. Subgrouped as Category B1 (EIA necessary) and Category B2 (EIA not necessary).

The Environmental Clearance (EC) process consist of the following stages -

  1. Application for EC - to be made by the Project Proponent (PP) to the concerned authority with FORM 1 (and FORM 1A with conceptual plan for construction projects only), Pre-feasibility Report (PFR) and Terms of Reference (optional) for conducting EIA Study.

  2. Screening - to be done by SEAC for Category B projects only, to further classify as Category B1 and B2. EIA will be necessary if classified as Category B1.

  3. Scoping - Determination of Terms of Reference (ToR) for EIA study for Category A and Category B1 projects. To be done by EAC (for Category A) or SEAC (for Category B1).

  4. EIA Study - Based on the ToR, the project proponent (PP) will prepare draft EIA & EMP.

  5. Public Consultation - With Draft EIA and EMP public consultation will be organised. Issues raised will be addressed in final EIA & EMP report.

  6. Appraisal - EIA & EMP will be appraised by EAC (for Category A ) and SEAC (for Category B1). For Category B2, EIA is not required, appraisal will be done by SEAC on the basis of FORM 1 and PFR only.

  7. Decision - On the basis of recommendations by EAC / SEAC clearance will be finally granted or rejected by the MoEF (for Category A) / SEIAA (for Category B).
The State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) and the State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) for the state of West Bengal has been constituted vide Notification S.O. 582 (E) dated 13th April, 2007 (http://envfor.nic.in/legis/legis.html) of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India.
After obtaining Environmental Clearance from the concerned authority (MoEF / SEIAA as applicable), the project proponent shall apply to the State Board in prescribed format, along with the copy of Environmental Clearance, for obtaining Consent-to-Establish.

Please visit http://environmentclearance.nic.in for further details.

 Click here to view the Guidelines by the State Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) for Rainwater Harvesting

Click here to view the Indicative Guidelines for High Rise Construction

Status of Public Hearing for Environmental Clearance of Category A & B Projects


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